Menninger - Best Hospitals for Adult Psychiatry
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Electroconvulsive Therapy

Menninger's electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) service is available to both inpatients at The Clinic and outpatients. 


ECT Consultations

To access this service, outpatient providers - whether a medical or mental health professional - or individuals struggling with mental illness may request an ECT consultation via email or by calling 713-275-5328.


Treatment Indications


The principal diagnostic indications for which ECT is safe and effective include:

  • Major depression (unipolar or bipolar)
  • Mania
  • Schizophrenia
  • Catatonia (benign or malignant)
ECT may be used prior to a trial of medication, particularly in the following situations:
  • When there is a need for a rapid, definitive treatment response;
  • When the risks of other treatments outweigh the risks of ECT;
  • When a patient has a history of poor medication response, medication intolerance or a good ECT response in one or more previous episode(s) of illness; or
  • When the patient expresses a preference for ECT.

Our Service

coffey-m-justin-2015-mediumThe ECT service is directed by Justin Coffey, MD. Dr. Coffey is the medical director of Menninger's Center for Brain Stimulation and is director of Medical Informatics. He earned both his bachelor's degree and medical degree from the University of Chicago. He completed a residency in psychiatry at the University of Michigan. Dr. Coffey is board certified in psychiatry and in neuropsychiatry. 


Dr. Coffey communicates with referring professionals about the patient's psychiatric and medical history and the number of treatments recommended. All treatments take place at Menninger.